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Exploring Earth from space: Puglia, Italy [Video]

Puglia Italy

Part of Puglia, or Apulia, a region in southern Italy, is shown in this image captured on January 19, 2022, by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission. Credit: Contains modified data Copernicus Sentinel (2022), processed by ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

Part of Puglia, or Apulia, a region in southern Italy, is shown in this image captured from space by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission.

Puglia is an Italian region located in the southern peninsular area of ​​the country, bordering the Adriatic Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast and the Otranto Strait and the Gulf of Taranto to the south. Puglia has a population of about four million people. The largest cities in the region include Bari, Taranto, Foggia, Andria, Lecce, Barletta, Brindisi, Altamura, Molfetta and Cerignola.

It is famous for its long coastline, olive oil production and rich archeology.

Puglia, the country’s heel in the form of boots, has the longest coastline in any part of mainland Italy. With an area of ​​almost 20,000 square kilometers (7,500 square miles), it is the seventh largest region in Italy, and its coast, dotted with some of the most beautiful sandy beaches and azure seas in Italy, stretches for about 800 km. 500 miles). With a population of about four million, Puglia borders the Adriatic Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the west.

Puglia is the least mountainous region of Italy, consisting of wide plains and low hills. It is home to two national parks, Alta Murgia National Park and Gargano National Park. The area is one of the largest and most productive plains in Italy, where a significant amount of both wine and olive oil is produced.

The main city of Puglia is Bari (not visible in the picture), which is the largest urban and metropolitan area on the Adriatic Sea. The main cities in the picture include Brindisi, easily identifiable as a major port city on the Adriatic coast, and Lecce, an urban sprawl that stretches along both the Adriatic and Ionian coasts. Lecce has a large historic center, which includes the famous Piazza del Duomo and many Baroque buildings dating back to the 16th century, including the Basilica di Santa Croce.

Another historic seaside town and port is Otranto, about 40 km (25 miles) from Lecce on the Adriatic Sea. On a clear day, you may see Albania across the Otranto Strait.

The seaside town of Gallipoli can be seen on the Ionian coast at the bottom of the image. The old town center is located on a small island connected to the mainland by a 17th-century bridge.

In addition to providing detailed information about the Earth’s vegetation, the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission is designed to play a key role in mapping ground cover differences to understand the landscape, map how it is used, and monitor changes over time.

This image, captured on January 19, 2022, is also featured in ESA’s Earth from Space video program (video embedded above).

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